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After the British assumed control in 1796, Since its Independence in 1824 Venezuela has claimed the area of land to the west of the Essequibo River.Simón Bolívar wrote to the British government warning against the Berbice and Demerara settlers settling on land which the Venezuelans, as assumed heirs of Spanish claims on the area dating to the sixteenth century, claimed was theirs.Historically the Lokono and Kalina tribes dominated Guyana.Although Christopher Columbus sighted Guyana during his third voyage (in 1498), and Sir Walter Raleigh wrote an account of its discovery in 1596, the Dutch were the first to establish colonies: Essequibo (1616), Berbice (1627), and Demerara (1752).is a sovereign state on the northern mainland of South America.It is, however, often considered part of the Caribbean region because of its strong cultural, historical, and political ties with other Anglo Caribbean countries and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
Guyana is the only South American nation in which English is the official language.
The region known as "the Guianas" consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "land of many waters".
Originally inhabited by many indigenous groups, Guyana was settled by the Dutch before coming under British control in the late 18th century.
In 1899 an international tribunal ruled the land belonged to Great Britain.
The British territorial claim stemmed from Dutch involvement and colonization of the area also dating to the sixteenth century, which was ceded to the British.